Truck Product News, Truck Technology

Volvo’s hydrogen truck tackles harsh, real world conditions

Volvo Trucks recently took its prototype hydrogen-powered electric heavy vehicles to Northern Sweden to see how it operated under the toughest of conditions.

Ice, wind and snow are just a few of the tough conditions Volvo’s hydrogen-powered electric trucks are facing in the cool climate of northern Sweden, above the Artic Circle.

The evolutionary vehicles have been tested on public roads in the remote north, in a bid to gather data and understand how the technology will perform in the tough European winters.

By using hydrogen to generate electricity and maintain battery charge, these new trucks are able to travel long distances before requiring refuelling.

“Trucks are operating seven days a week and in all types of weather. The harsh conditions on public roads in northern Sweden, with ice, wind and lots of snow, make an ideal testing environment,” says Helena Alsiö, VP Powertrain Product Management at Volvo Trucks.

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“I am pleased to say that the tests are going well, confirming tests we carried out beforehand, both digitally and on our confined test track close to Gothenburg.”

Volvo says fuel cell electric trucks powered by hydrogen will be well suited for areas where charging infrastructure has not yet rolled out, such as rural area.

It says the trucks currently being tested in northern Sweden should be commercially available sometime after 2025, and will be another addition to Volvo’s existing line up of low emission battery-electric trucks which currently features six different models.


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To speed up the development of the new trucks Volvo Group has joined forces with Daimler to develop and produce fuel cell systems that are tailor-made for heavy-duty vehicles.

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Volvo’s hydrogen-powered fuel cell trucks will use two fuel cells with a capacity to generate 300 kW of electric power.

Volvo Trucks president Roger Alm says the world needs to act now and move towards zero emission transport in order to stop global warming.

“Regardless of the transport assignments or where in the world our customers are operating, waiting is not an option,” Alm says.

“In a few years, our customers will be able to completely eliminate CO2 exhaust emissions from their trucks.”

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